Wine Farm

by Simran Massey and Rashi Lodhi

LIT Policython Papers

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Recent Articles

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Neoliberalism and Labor

Neoliberalism is an ideology that espouses for the benefits of a few at the cost of others, which is also what traditional capitalism was, but with a much higher intensity. 

The pre-reform economy was led by the agriculture and manufacturing sectors both in terms of growth and employment, and the contribution of the service sector remained limited. However, post-reform growth for the Indian economy has primarily been led by the service sector without an increase in the share of the sector in employment generation.

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Women's Empowerment through Food Security

Women play a crucial role as producers of food, as income earners, and as caretakers of households, which is often undervalued in our economy. According to Mckinsey (2015), empowering women to participate equally in the global economy could add $28 trillion in global annual Gross Domestic Product (GDP) by the year 2025. Hence, it is of paramount importance to explore the impact of women's contribution to food security, especially in developing economies. 

Due to structural discrimination and societal norms, women in the informal sector earn lower wages relative to men. Moreover, women have restricted access to credit, savings, insurance programs, resources, legal protection, fertilisers, and technology, thus, leading to lower land productivity. 

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India's Indo-Pacific Narrative: The Malabar Convergence 

Malabar Exercises began as a tentative opening of maritime contacts between India and the US off the Malabar Coast. However, they took the form of a serious effort to shape the maritime order in the larger region, and constructively turned out to be a reinforcement exercise in the context of the rising power of China. 

Malabar Naval exercise became an enforcing tool for the evolution of the Indian Foreign Policy view of its neighbourhood from a territorial centric view, to a more holistic view that encompassed maritime borders and the Indian Ocean Maritime Region. 

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The Platform Economy and Labour Welfare in Indian Cities: the Case of Ola and Uber Drivers

The twenty-first century emergence of digital platforms, which serve as ‘digital matchmakers’ by linking labour demand and supply with consumer demand, must also be located within this milieu.

Hierarchical power and information dynamics between aggregators and drivers are further entrenched by technology. Unlike conventional employment spaces where there is a human- to-human relationship between the employer and employee, the relationship between platform companies and drivers is primarily dictated by automated algorithms in mobile applications.

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Mangoes not Kiwis

Adam Smith argued that countries that have an absolute advantage in the production of a commodity should produce that commodity and import commodities which they do not have an absolute advantage over. David Ricardo took it one step further and argued that even if a country has an absolute advantage over a commodity, it can still benefit from trade as the opportunity cost of production could vary in different countries.

After Independence, the focus was on making India self-reliant and thus several protectionist measures were implemented which prohibited imports, the most important of which was the concept of import substitution.

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Revisiting the South-South Cooperation for the successful attainment of Sustainable Development Goal

The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the Addis Ababa Action Agenda of the Third International Conference on Financing for Development emphasized South-South and Triangular Cooperation as vital means of implementation and achievement of the SDGs by 2030 in countries around the globe. 

South-South and Triangular Cooperation have emerged as important vehicles to accelerate human development through coordination between the Southern countries and will go on to assume an even greater role in the future. However, some challenges can pose a massive hurdle to the attainment of SDGs through South-South Cooperation and could increase the divide and cause inequality among Southern partners. 

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Imagi-nation: Restricted Self-Determination of African Nations

Today, the right of a people to national self-determination is regarded as a jus cogens rule, a cardinal principle of international law. The term ‘self-determination’ is extremely contested and has come to denote the free choice of one’s own act without external compulsions. 

If people are not allowed to imagine their own national identities, through their lived experiences of culture and geography, the forced national bearings can give way to both political and economic turmoil. 

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Dynamic nature of the concept of Balance of Power in the Post COVID World

Balance of power is a concept that refers to a situation in policy where a state or a bloc of states are defending themselves from another state, or a bloc of states by increasing their power to equal the power of the other side. 

Observers of international relations forecast a severe impact of the pandemic on the global order. Since the Cold War ended, the US has been the lone superpower. In many ways, one can argue that American hegemony has been since eclipsing every aspect of our lives for over three decades now.

Political Conference

POLITICS

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The Factory of Freedom: Liberalism and the Rule of Law

The advent of pre-capitalist structures in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries created the modern state marked by features of international competition against a common objective of an amalgamated imperialist Empire, the interest in the accumulation of wealth, and population growth and management, which also served as the requisite for the rise of biopolitics. 

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A Collectivist Strategy to the COVID Crisis

As the world battles this outbreak and attempts to recover from it, lot of questions remain unanswered. We will attempt to answer these questions, while touching upon policy interventions that would be help our world recover better. 

Credit Card

ECONOMICS

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The Art of Avant-Garde Economics: Consumer Expectations and Credibility

The Platform Economy and Labour Welfare in Indian Cities: the Case of Ola and Uber Drivers

The twenty-first century emergence of digital platforms, which serve as ‘digital matchmakers’ by linking labour demand and supply with consumer demand, must also be located within this milieu.

Hierarchical power and information dynamics between aggregators and drivers are further entrenched by technology. Unlike conventional employment spaces where there is a human- to-human relationship between the employer and employee, the relationship between platform companies and drivers is primarily dictated by automated algorithms in mobile applications.

The current COVID-19 pandemic has produced numerous precedents to kick start world economies under a deep recession. 

Germany, in its € 130 billion stimulus package, announced a temporary drop in VAT starting July 2020 till the end of the year. The fiscal policy change is aimed at stimulating aggregate spending under expected positive inflation in the future. 

The unconventional fiscal policy unlike the usually utilizied Monetary Policy directly stimulates consumer expectations in line with the government targets.

Experts Panel

POLICY AND GOVERNANCE

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Data Protection Fallacies in India

The development of Artificial Intelligence, 5G networks with high-speed data transfers, storage of digital files, digital healthcare, are some of the multitudes of developments appearing in waves globally as technology is found and improved upon. Therein, one of the key considerations globally is the provisions of a sufficient cover for the protection of an individual’s data. 

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Judicialization in the Wake of the Coronavirus Pandemic

Judiciary's power is restricted to application and interpretation of existing law and does not extend to creating new legal norms and policies. While this continues to be the case in many countries, others have seen the emergence of creativity in legal judgements and its applications encroach into the creation of new norms and policies. 
 

Trees From Above

ENVIRONMENT

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Inhibiting Climate Change in the Post COVID Era: A Base & Trade System

There is a misunderstanding that this pandemic will lead to an automatic reduction in emissions, thereby, solving the climate crisis. It must be understood that if it takes a global pandemic to reduce the level of emissions, the problem of the climate crisis is far more severe than what we perceive. Collective action through individual support along with corporates, government, and policymakers can fix the current crisis that we face. 

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Environment gets

the boot

After 2016, 2020 has become the hottest year in recorded history. Temperatures in the coldest edges of the world rose up by as much as 10-degree Celsius. 

Environmentalists celebrate the disaster for ‘helping’ the natural world, it must be recognized that this is nothing more than an artificial condition, and a very short one at that. 

Crowd Protesting

SOCIAL ISSUES

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Analysis of the Environmental Impact Assessment Bill, 2020

After severe incidents like the Bhopal Gas Tragedy, one of the most gruesome environmental tragedies in India, the government legislated the framework of laws for the regulation of the activities that affect the existence of natural resources. The Act requires each of the projects seeking development to go through the process of environment clearance test. 

There are multiple benefits as well as loopholes in the present proposed EIA bill, which affects the environment and people of India at large. Many experts and activists termed the 2020 amendment draft of the EIA bill as a ‘regressive departure from the previous version of the Act. 

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New Education Policy, 2020: A Change

In India, due to the huge economic inequalities, there exists a great disparity wherein on one hand we have schools and institutions ranging from no proper infrastructure to international schools providing best facilities.

India has, till date, formulated 13 education policies aiming to improve enrolment of students in schools, enhance the quality of education, and to make education affordable. The Ministry of Human Resource Department released the draft of the National Education Policy, 2019 in early January 2019.

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INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS

Ships_from_the_Indian_Navy,_Japan_Mariti

India's Indo-Pacific Narrative: The Malabar Convergence 

Malabar Exercises began as a tentative opening of maritime contacts between India and the US off the Malabar Coast. However, they took the form of a serious effort to shape the maritime order in the larger region, and constructively turned out to be a reinforcement exercise in the context of the rising power of China. 

Malabar Naval exercise became an enforcing tool for the evolution of the Indian Foreign Policy view of its neighbourhood from a territorial centric view, to a more holistic view that encompassed maritime borders and the Indian Ocean Maritime Region. 

The-Right-Of-Self-Determination.jpg

Imagi-nation: Restricted Self-Determination of African Nations

Today, the right of a people to national self-determination is regarded as a jus cogens rule, a cardinal principle of international law. The term ‘self-determination’ is extremely contested and has come to denote the free choice of one’s own act without external compulsions. 

If people are not allowed to imagine their own national identities, through their lived experiences of culture and geography, the forced national bearings can give way to both political and economic turmoil. 

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