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Urban Infrastructure Development Fund (UIDF), Explained

The Urban Infrastructure Development Fund (UIDF) is a government initiative in India designed to facilitate and support the development of urban infrastructure in cities and towns across the country. The primary objective of the UIDF is to address the pressing need for better urban infrastructure, including essential services such as water supply, sewage, sanitation, transportation, and more, to improve the overall quality of life in urban areas.

Objectives of the UIDF:

The primary aim is to finance and support infrastructure projects that enhance urban living standards and promote sustainable urban growth. It seeks to enhance the capacity of urban local bodies (ULBs) in planning, financing, and implementing urban infrastructure projects. The UIDF provides a mechanism for ULBs to access long-term, low-cost financing for urban infrastructure projects.

Targeted Cities:

The UIDF is designed to benefit all cities and towns in India, with a focus on urban areas facing infrastructure challenges. While there are no specific limitations on the size or location of the cities, the fund is particularly relevant for smaller and medium-sized urban areas where infrastructure development is often constrained by limited resources and financial capacity.

Fund Utilization:

  • The fund was announced in the budget with an initial corpus of Rs 10,000 crore.

  • Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman announced the setting up of the UIDF in her 2023-24 Budget speech.

The UIDF can be utilized for a wide range of urban infrastructure projects, including, but not limited to:

  • Water Supply and Distribution: Ensuring a consistent and safe water supply to urban residents.

  • Sanitation and Sewage Management: Improving sanitation facilities and sewage treatment.

  • Transportation: Developing road networks, public transportation systems, and other transportation-related projects.

  • Solid Waste Management: Implementing efficient waste collection and management systems.

  • Urban Renewal and Redevelopment: Initiatives to revitalize and upgrade urban areas.

Fund Allocation to States & Union Territories (UTs):

The allocation of the UIDF to states and UTs is typically determined by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs, Government of India. The allocation may consider various factors, including the population of the state or UT, the scale of urbanization, and the urgency of infrastructure needs. The distribution is generally made based on a formula that takes into account these parameters. Ex: National Housing Bank (NHB) has operationalised the Urban Infrastructure Development Fund (UIDF) announced in the budget with an initial corpus of Rs 10,000 crore.

Eligible Amount, Rate of Interest, and Repayment Process:

Eligible Amount: The amount of funding available to urban local bodies (ULBs) under the UIDF can vary from project to project. It typically covers a significant portion of the project cost, but the exact amount is determined on a case-by-case basis.

Rate of Interest: The rate of interest on loans from the UIDF is typically competitive and lower than market rates. This is done to make it financially viable for ULBs to undertake infrastructure projects without incurring an unsustainable debt burden.

Repayment Process: The repayment process is generally structured to be flexible and in line with the revenue-generating potential of the urban infrastructure projects. ULBs may have the option to repay the loans over an extended period, ensuring that the financial burden is manageable. The repayment process is often linked to the revenue generated from the project itself or through grants from the respective state or central government.


  1. Vajiram and Ravi. (2023, September 4). Officials from the Union Housing and Urban Affairs Ministry recently said the first tranche of loans to fund ongoing projects in tier-2 and tier-3 cities - under the Urban Infrastructure Development Fund (UIDF) will likely be disbursed soon. Vajiram and Ravi.

  2. Piyush. (2023, July 10). NHB operationalizes ₹10,000-Crore Urban Infrastructure Development Fund. Adda247.,tier%2D3%20cities%2C%20supplementing%20the%20efforts%20of%20state

  3. Gyan, I. (n.d.). Urban Infrastructure Development Fund (UIDF) to disburse its first tranche of loans UPSC. IAS GYAN.,of%20life%20for%20residents%20in%20these%20areas.

  4. PTI, & PTI. (2023, July 10). NHB Operationalises Urban Infrastructure Development Fund Announced In Budget. Outlook Business.

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